Botanical Name: Cymbopogon martinii

Family: Graminae


A perennial grass to 3m tall. Leaves linear-lanceolate, cordate or amplexicaule, 8-50 cm long, 1-3 cm broad. flowers spikelets in panicles turning reddish brown when mature. Plant is acrid.

Flowering and fruiting: July-August

Parts used: Whole plant

Distribution: Cultivated throughout plain area of Nepal.

Method of Extraction: Steam Distillation

Specification of Palmarosa
1. Organoleptic Properties
Appearance Fluid liquid.
Color Pale yellow
Aroma Sweet, floral rosy
2. Physico-chemical Properties
Specific gravity 0.8805 to 0.9007 at 25º C
Optical rotation [-] 0.5º to [+] 0.75º at 25º C.
Refractive index 1.475 to 1.4798 at 25º C
Acid number 0.85 to 10.5
Ester number 15 to 48.5
Ester number after acetylation 240 to 305
Solubility Soluble in 1.2 to 2.5 vol. of 70% alcohol
Total alcohol 80 to 96%
Free alcohol 62 to 84% calculated as Geranol
3. Chemical constituent
Citral, Geranyl Acetate, Linalyl Acetate, Geranial, Neral, Limonene, Myrcene, Beta-caryophyllene
4. Uses:
  1. Plant is aromatic, carminative, diuretic, cardio tonic and febrifuge.
  2. For the isolation of high grade geranial; in the cosmetics industry for scenting of soaps; in flavoring of tobacco.
  3. Medicinal & Aromatherapy use: Antiseptic and bactericide, stomachic, relieve the discomforts of flu and a high temperature, wrinkles, broken veins, boils, normalize thyroid, nervous exhaustion, stress related conditions.

Essential Oil