Chamomile

Botanical Name: Matricaria chamomilla

Family: Asteraceae

Description

The branched stem is erect and smooth and grows to a height of 15-60 cm. The long and narrow leaves are bipinnate or tripinnate. The flowers are borne in paniculate capitula. The white ray florets are furnished with a ligule, while the disc florets are yellow. The hollow receptacle is swollen and lacks scales. The flowers have a strong, aromatic smell, and bloom in early to mid summer.

Parts Used: Flower

Distribution: Cultivated throughout plain area of Nepal.

Method of Extraction: Steam Distillation

Specification of German Camomile
1. Organoleptic Properties
Appearance Viscous liquid
Color Deep Blue
Aroma Intensely sweet, herbaceous-cournarin-like with a fresh-fruity undertone
2. Physico-chemical Properties
Specific gravity 0.8995 to 0.9128 at 25° C
Optical rotation N/A
Refractive index 1.480 to 1.5055 at 25° C
Acid number 4 to 15.70
Ester number 5 to 15
Ester number after acetylation 65 to 110
Solubility Soluble in 90% alcohol with separation of paraffins
3. Chemical constituent
Bisabolol, Farnesol, Azulene, Farnasene, Thujanol
4. Uses:
Chamomile is used medicinally against sore stomach, irritable bowel syndrome, and as a gentle sleep aid. It can be taken as an herbal tea. It is also used cosmetically



Essential Oil